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Edinburgh Primary School

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Reception (EYFS)

Children in Reception follow the Foundation Stage Curriculum. 

The curriculum is organised into different areas of learning.

Prime Areas:

Personal, Social and Emotional Development

Physical Development

Communication and Language

Specific Areas:



Understanding of the World

Expressive Arts and Design

Key Stage 1 & 2

Edinburgh follows the National Curriculum for KS1 and 2. An overview of each subject is provided below.


The aim for English in the national curriculum is to promote high standards of language and literacy by equipping children with a good command of speaking, listening and writing, and to develop their love of books through reading for enjoyment.

At Edinburgh, reading and writing are taught closely to ensure children can transfer skills easily and apply these skills across the curriculum with confidence.


To teach writing, we follow a project called the ‘Talk for Writing’ Project.  Talk for Writing enables children to imitate the key language they need for a topic/genre orally before they try reading and analysing it. Through fun activities that help them rehearse the tune of the language they need, followed by shared writing to show them how to craft their writing, children are helped to write in the same style. Text types/genres are taught in units and children are ‘hooked’ into the topics through a powerful text (some of which are core reading texts from the Power of Reading list.)  The texts have been chosen carefully to ensure they are stimulating, have a rich vocabulary and children can relate to them.


Daily grammar teaching and activities are built in to link to daily teaching and this ensures children can apply skills they are using. Spelling rules are taught using Phonics or short spelling rules sessions twice a week.  Adults work closely with children in English, whether this is by: shared writing, guided writing, teacher modelling, class composition and independent work.


At Edinburgh we understand reading is a fundamental part of children accessing all parts of the Curriculum.  The 7 new key areas of reading; decoding, retrieval, interpretation, organisation, choice, viewpoint, context and oral retelling and performance, are the focus throughout English and guided reading sessions.   Guided reading is taught from Reception to Year 6 at Edinburgh and during the daily sessions, the above areas of reading are focused on through group sessions led by adults.  Children also have opportunities to apply skills independently.


We are also ensuring that writing and reading are embedded across the curriculum so that children can practise and consolidate skills taught in English



Phonics is recognised as the way of teaching children to read quickly and skilfully. They are taught how to: recognise the sounds that each individual letter makes; identify the sounds that different combinations of letters make - such as ‘sh’ or ‘oo’; and blend these sounds together from left to right to make a word.


At Edinburgh we follow a scheme called “Letters and Sounds”. It sets out a detailed and systematic programme for teaching phonic skills for children starting by the age of five, with the aim of them becoming fluent readers by age seven. It also aims to build children’s speaking and listening skills. There are six overlapping phases. During each phase children will learn new sounds, as well as tricky words and high frequency words. Children in KS1 receive daily phonics lessons. Where appropriate ‘catch up’ teaching is organised for children in KS2 who have not developed secure phonics skills.



At Edinburgh Primary we believe that children need to develop secure mathematical skills that they can use in the wider world.  Children are taught in line with the National Curriculum which has a clear focus on developing mastery and applying skills across a range of contexts. In order to meet this objective, problem solving, and application activities are at the heart of all the work that we do.


We teach and foster an attitude of independence and enquiry which includes clear reasoning, communication and explanation when approaching mathematical tasks.


A group focused approach is taken meaning that within lessons the teacher can work closely with small groups identifying specific needs and quickly intervening to move learning forwards.


Teachers endeavour to make cross-curricular links wherever possible for example in Science or Geography lessons. There is also a focus on contextualising mathematics where possible so that children are aware of its use in everyday life.



Science is a highly valued area of the curriculum at Edinburgh Primary School and is taught in line with the new National Curriculum. Through science, we aim to develop curiosity, enjoyment, skills and a growing understanding of scientific knowledge in all our pupils by allowing them to raise questions and investigate the world in which they live.  As a result, children gain a solid scientific knowledge and understanding as well as developing the skills necessary for testing and investigating (working scientifically).


Science at Edinburgh Primary is taught through practical, hands on activities where children can experience scientific phenomena first-hand. To make learning relevant, teachers draw on pupils’ everyday experiences and relate science to real world. They encourage pupils to be inquisitive about the world around them and ask scientific questions. When possible, pupils are given opportunities to plan and carry out experiments, make predictions and test their ideas. This gives them better understanding of the curriculum and enables them to experience science in everyday life. Pupils are supported to build on previous learning, make links with other areas of the curriculum and express their findings using vocabulary specific for each topic.

Science Week

Every year we organise a Science Week with a focus, during which we have special guests and events such as science magic shows. Most importantly, the children carry out a variety of practical investigations in and out of class in order to test and experience natural phenomena they might find challenging to understand



Our aim at Edinburgh is to equip children to participate in a rapidly changing world, increasingly transformed by technology.  The new national curriculum for computing has been developed to equip children with the foundational skills, knowledge and understanding of computing they will need for the rest of their lives allowing pupils to understand how technology evolves over time. In our computing curriculum, we place great emphasis on how technology works as well as how it is used.


Through our programme of study for computing, children will learn how computers and computer systems work, they will design and build programs, develop their ideas using technology and create a range of content.  In this subject area, there is a clear shift from children purely using technology as consumers, to children using technology as creators and future innovators, too.  A main element of learning in this area is ensuring that our children know how to use the internet and other technologies safely, responsibly and ethically through an embedded, broad ranging online safety curriculum.


History & Geography


Geography is the study that teaches an understanding of places and environments whilst inspiring them to be curious and fascinated about the world and its people. Through their work at Edinburgh Primary School, children learn about their local area and compare their life in this area with that in other regions in the United Kingdom and in the rest of the world. They learn how to draw and interpret maps and they develop the skills of research, investigation, analysis and problem-solving. Our children gain an appreciation of life in other cultures, recognise the importance of sustainable development for the future of mankind and become enthused and excited about the planet they live on. Lessons focus on skill-based teaching.


At Edinburgh Primary School, we help pupils gain a coherent knowledge and understanding of Britain’s past and that of the wider world. We hope to inspire pupils’ curiosity to know more about the human past. We give children the opportunity to: ask perceptive questions, think critically, weigh evidence, sift arguments, and develop perspective and judgement. Our children learn to understand the complexity of people’s lives, the process of change, the diversity of societies and relationships between different groups, as well as their own identity and the challenges of their time. Lessons focus on skill-based teaching.



At Edinburgh Primary School, pupils learn to see themselves as artists, express their own ideas, use their imaginative and creative ideas and give meaning to the world around them. Pupils are given the opportunity to communicate what they see and feel through a variety of materials, textures, colours and patterns and use a range of materials, tools and techniques. They learn to critically evaluate their own and other people’s work, giving an opinion on what they think might improve the piece of work. They learn how art has influenced the way in which people live and how it communicates and is a means of learning about artist from different cultures.


At Edinburgh Primary School, our pupils are encouraged to learn to think to solve problems both as individuals and as members of a team. They are taught to develop creative ideas and make a range of products using a variety of tools.  Pupils will engage in designing and making activities, which involve a variety of methods of communication, e.g. speaking, designing, drawing, assembling, making and writing. The children are also given opportunities to critique, evaluate and test their ideas and products and the work of others and apply the principles of nutrition and learn how to cook.

P. E

In PE we aim to provide a broad and balanced P.E. curriculum to aid children’s increasing self-confidence in their ability to manage themselves and their bodies within a variety of movement situations. Through a balance of individual, paired and group activities, we aim to cater for the different strengths, needs and preferences of each child, using differentiated activities where appropriate. We believe that through the variety of opportunities that PE offers, children can develop a sense of personal achievement, fair play, teamwork and an understanding of the ways in which sport can transcend social and cultural boundaries.


We plan a range of activities that aim to provide children with a broad base of movement, knowledge, skills and understanding, which they can refine and expand throughout their primary school years.



Through our programme of study for PSHE, we aim to develop the qualities and attributes our learners need to thrive as individuals, family members and members of society.  The themes include Health and Wellbeing, Relationships and Living in the Wider World.


Our aim is to develop self-understanding, empathy and the ability to work with others, to help the children to enjoy healthy and productive relationships in all aspects of their lives. In such rapidly changing and challenging times, it also helps them to connect and apply the knowledge and understanding they learn in all subjects to practical, real-life situations while helping them to feel safe and secure enough to fulfil their academic potential.



At Edinburgh, we teach Religious Education through the Waltham Forest SACRE agreed syllabus. Our Religious Education curriculum explores all the major world religions, including many festivals and celebrations. We aim to use an open and objective approach to help children to understand and appreciate the diverse and multi-cultural society we live in. We encourage discussion and debate that children can benefit from regardless of their personal faith and we promote respect and tolerance of the beliefs of others.


At Edinburgh we recognise that music is very much part of everyday life and can be a life-long love and activity. All pupils in Key Stage 1 and 2 have a regular music assembly in which they explore a variety of musical genres. Children in Year 4 learn to play the recorder – this helps them to follow instructions and instils a discipline that is transferable to other learning. Children in Year 4,5,6 (and in Year 3 if places are available) can learn the flute or clarinet.


Some of children’s music lessons are taught by non-class-based music teachers who combine many concepts and techniques. The children are inspired to imagine, to invent and to express their feelings. They are taught to listen and respond; perform and compose within their own classes.

Children at Edinburgh are given the opportunity to sing, play and read sensitively and accurately, and to evaluate critically. By posing these challenges music develops artistic awareness, self-expression, self-growth, self-esteem and multicultural awareness.



We aim to further extend children’s experience of languages and develop their curiosity about the French language and culture. Through fun and varied activities including songs and games, children learn to recognise and understand conversational phrases, ask and answer questions and talk about themselves in French. Lessons are planned to use the languages scheme of work. In each lesson children can listen to and repeat new words and phrases, supported by sound files and video clips to aid correct pronunciation. Children are also encouraged to use French phrases and instructions outside of French lessons to help consolidate their knowledge and understanding.